Des appels européens Horizon 2020 abordent des questions de gouvernance européenne.
- « Trust in governance » – GOVERNANCE-01-2019 – Echéance : 14 Mars 2019.
Specific Challenge: Trust is a fundamental condition for a fair and cooperative society. It also plays an important part in contributing to social capital. While a degree of distrust may be required for a well-functioning democracy, waning trust in governments and other institutions and in the EU can impact European governance in multiple ways. The challenge is to restore and improve trust as a basis for sustainable and legitimate governance.
- « Past, present and future of differentiation in European governance » – GOVERNANCE-02-2018-2019 – Echéance : 14 Mars 2019.
Specific Challenge: Recent challenges faced by the EU raise the question of whether Member States will continue on the same integrationist track. Differentiation, which has been core to the constitutional architecture of the EU, has gained prominence in the light of recent manifestations of centrifugal forces. The challenge is to ascertain whether and how much differentiation is necessary, conducive, sustainable and acceptable as well as how future approaches towards differentiation fare in the light of these findings.
- « New forms of delivering public goods and inclusive public services » – DT-GOVERNANCE-05-2018-2019-2020. Echéance : 14 Mars 2019 et 2020
Specific Challenge: Governance is being transformed by new approaches to delivering public services which allow for the involvement of citizens and various other actors. The challenge is to critically assess and support as needed this transformation based on an open collaboration and innovation platform supported by ICT (‘government as a platform’) and on an open environment and ecosystem with clear frameworks and guidelines for modular services quality (‘government as a service’) in accordance with the EU eGovernment Action Plan 2016-2020 and the European Interoperability Framework Implementation Strategy.
In particular, to deliver better public services, public administrations need to regroup resources together under common infrastructures at the European level that serve the needs of various actors and enable the participation of all relevant communities. In addition, to ensure a cost efficient provision of inclusive digital services, there is a pressing need to identify gaps in accessibility solutions, to establish related best practices, and to promote training, awareness raising and capacity building.
- « Drivers and contexts of violent extremism in the broader MENA region and the Balkans » SU-GOVERNANCE-10-2019. Echéance : 14 Mars 2019.
Specific Challenge: Parts of the broader Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and of the Balkans have been experiencing ethnic, religious and territorial conflicts and civil wars as well as a rise in violent extremism fuelled or justified also by religious interpretations. More empirical and interdisciplinary research is needed to understand the various historical, geopolitical, socioeconomic, ideological, cultural, psychological, and demographic factors that drive these conflicts and violent extremism in these regions. The various ways in which these phenomena impact Europe also need closer scrutiny.
- « Enhancing social rights and EU citizenship » – GOVERNANCE-04-2019
Specific challenge: boosting social rights can help address divergence in social trends among Member States and reduce the risk of socio-economic shocks. At the same time, social rights are essential for the full realisation of EU citizenship and reaching the EU’s targets in reducing poverty and social exclusion. By mitigating social risks and by assisting people with transitions and vulnerabilities, social rights can boost trust to public governance. The challenge is to integrate the social dimension into European policies and to connect it with European citizenship going beyond the traditional focus on mobile citizens to look also at those who are « immobile ».
- « The Common Foreign and Security Policy and the expanding scope of the EU’s external engagement » – SU-GOVERNANCE-07-2020
Specific challenge: There is a pressing need for the EU to improve its capacities and capabilities for conflict resolution, prevention and mediation. As highlighted by the EU’s Global Strategy and the European Defence Action Plan, a key challenge is to accommodate multiple action domains, including traditionally internal policy areas, in a joined-up external action alongside the Common Security and Defence Policy. An integral challenge is to ensure that the EU external policy and the foreign policies of Member States are coordinated when engaging with strategic global partners.
« Addressing radicalization through social inclusion » – SU-GOVERNANCE-09-2020
Specific challenge: The spread of radical ideologies leading in some cases to violence has prompted the EU and its Member States to develop policies and interventions in support of prevention. A comprehensive evidence base on trends in radical ideologies and extremism and on the drivers of radicalisation is needed to further develop policies for prevention, social inclusion and effective interventions.
- « Developing deliberative and participatory democracies through experimentation » – SU-GOVERNANCE-21-2020
Specific challenge: Liberal democracies have come under pressure in recent times. Political distrust, polarizing discourses, lower electoral participation and populist narratives that reject the idea of an open society manifest themselves in Europe and beyond, with very strong support. The challenge therefore is to examine whether and how deliberative and participatory approaches – theoretically and practically – can fulfil the promise of greater and more enlightened participation in the present context and reach out to include those alienated from the political process. The difficulties deliberative and participatory approaches may face are also important to appraise.